IBM Has Designed the world’s First 2nm Chipset
American computing giant, IBM has designed the world’s first 2nm chipset for the devices related to technology and computers. The 2nm processor chip means that it will be the size of the fingernail. Moreover, the 2nm size means the transistors’ size, according to the reports. As a reminder, the more transistors on a certain chipset the more efficient it will and vice versa. As a result, there’s a need that the companies can make smaller chipset that can hold more transistors and give you efficient and powerful performances. Additionally, the upcoming 2nm chipset will be used in:
- autonomous cars
- PCs or laptops
Also, a 2nm chipset will increase the battery life by four times, as the company announced. This means the chip will give the same amount of performance with 75 per cent of power-saving. Moreover, these chipsets will decrease the carbon footprint of data centres by reducing the number of chips required to run servers of data centres. in the case of laptops, it will boost their speed(s). Whereas autonomous vehicles will be able to detect and react to objects or obstructions quickly.
As we all know, a regular chipset holds 333 million transistors per square millimetre (not nanometer). So in the case of IBM’s 2nm chip processor (150 square millimetres), it can hold as many as 50 billion transistors on it. On the contrary, the Taiwan Semiconductor Company’s chipset, most smartphones used have 171 million transistors per square millimetre. IBM’s upcoming 2nm chip-based processor will be a game-changer for smartphones. As we all know, most smartphones are currently using a 7nm chipset.
As a reminder, Apple’ M1 and A14 launched along with Huawei’s Kirin 9000 processor as the first processors based on TSMC’s 5nm chipset. Currently, other manufacturers including AMD and Qualcomm are mainly using TSMC’s 7nm chipsets. However, the latest Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888 is manufactured on Samsung’s 5nm chipset.
IBM also claims that the company will benefit from these 2nm chips in the following fields:
- data centre power efficiency
- space exploration
- artificial intelligence
- 5G and 6G
- quantum computings
The 2nm chipset is designed in such a way that it will help the processor to deliver a 45 per cent increase of performance with the same amount of power as the typical 7nm chip. The upcoming 2nm-based processors will be giving enhanced performance and improved power efficiency to the devices. It looks like; IBM is looking far from its competitors including Apple, Samsung, Huawei and Qualcomm.
However, Intel, the computer-based chip manufacturer is still making the 10nm or 14nm chipsets. But as a matter of fact, Intel’s 10nm and 14nm are way better than other 7nm chip-based processors. It is considered that Intel’s chipset is denser in terms of transistors than other chipsets. Meanwhile, TSMC has also started work on 2nm processors. According to the reports, TSMC will start producing 3nm and 4nm chip-based processors in the upcoming year.
Consequently, IBM plans to release its 7nm commercial processors this year in the Power Systems servers. However, announcing and producing chips are two different things. The production of these chipsets on a larger scale is not an easy job. Probably, these upcoming 2nm chipsets will be available for smartphones or laptops after two to three years. At least this is positive news that powerful and less power consumption CPUs are in the pipeline.